Discipline of History, School of International Studies, Flinders University
Dig It: The Journal of the Flinders Archaeological Society
Volume 2, Issue 2, December 2014
Print: ISSN 1440-2475
Online: ISSN 2203-1898
In 2010, the first steps were taken towards inscribing the Australian Cornish Mining Heritage Site (ACMHS) as part of a Transnational World Heritage Listing that incorporates sites with a history of Cornish mining influence from around the world with the Cornish World Heritage Site that was inscribed in 2006. The ACMHS is a combination of two South Australian State Heritage sites, Burra and Moonta Mines. With this process ongoing, a discussion of the measures taken to ensure the success of this application is essential. This article will focus on the implications of making small alterations to a heritage site in order to successfully meet the criteria for a Transnational World Heritage Listing. A key concern with this process is the issue of erecting signage in the Cornish language within the Moonta Mines State Heritage Area, a seemingly innocuous act that, nevertheless, fundamentally alters the nature of the site. This is an issue as the population that inhabited this district, whilst overwhelmingly of Cornish extraction, did not utilise the Cornish language as it had almost entirely died out in the eighteenth century. As this is an issue of South Australian heritage, the Burra Charter will be consulted to indicate the best practice framework that should be in place at this site. This article, therefore, questions whether such changes to the nature of a heritage site can be accepted as occurring in the best interests of preserving said site.
Australia ICOMOS 2013 The Burra Charter: The Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance, 2013. Retrieved 28 August 2014 from <http://australia.icomos.org/wp-content/uploads/The-Burra-Charter-2013-Adopted-31.10.2013.pdf>.British Broadcasting Corporation 2004 Immigration and Emigration: I’m Alright Jack: The Cornish Diaspora. Retrieved 28 August 2014 from <http://www.bbc.co.uk/legacies/immig_emig/england/cornwall/article_1.shtml>.
Department of the Environment 2013 National Heritage List and Commonwealth Heritage List Assessments. Retrieved 28 August 2014 from <http://www.environment.gov.au/system/files/pages/8ac00639-6069-454e-a191-e6b8a3eed9a2/files/nhl-and-chl-list-assessments.pdf>.
Department of the Environment 2014 Australian Heritage Database: Australian Cornish Mining Heritage Sites. Retrieved 28 August 2014 from <http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/ahdb/search.pl>.
Drew, G.J. 1991 Discovering Historic Moonta, South Australia. Adelaide: Department of Mines and Energy and the District Council of Northern Yorke Peninsula.
Faull, J. 1983 The Cornish in Australia. Croydon: AE Press.
Lawrence, S. and P. Davies 2010 An Archaeology of Australia Since 1788. New York: Springer Science & Business Media.
Palmer, M. and P. Neaverson 1998 Industrial Archaeology: Principles and Practice. New York: Routledge.
Parry, J.J. 1946 The revival of Cornish: An dasserghyans Kernewek. PLMA 61(1): 258-268.
Payton, P.J. 2005 The Cornish Overseas: A History of Cornwall’s ‘Great Emigration’. Fowey: Cornwall Editions.
Payton, P.J. 2007 Making Moonta: The Invention of Australia’s Little Cornwall. Exeter: University of Exeter Press.
Pryor, O. 1950 Cornish Pasty: 60 Cartoons. Adelaide: Oswald Pryor.
Pryor, O. 1969 Australia’s Little Cornwall. Adelaide: Seal Books.
South Australian Heritage Council 2011 Sixth Annual Report, 1 July 2010 to 30 June 2011. Unpublished report prepared for Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Adelaide.
UNESCO World Heritage Convention 2014 Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape. Retrieved 28 August 2014 from <http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1215>.
Vileikis, O., B. Dumont, E. Serruys, K. Van Balen, V. Tigny and P. De Maeyer, Connecting World Heritage nominations and monitoring with the support of the Silk Roads Cultural Heritage Resource Information System. ISPRS Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences 2(5):319-324.
Wallaroo and Moonta Mining and Smelting Company 1961 Moonta Copper Centenary Celebrations, 1861 – 1961. Moonta: Moonta Copper Mine.
White, C. 2011 Cousins Jack and Jenny in Phyllis Somerville’s Not Only in Stone. In P.J. Payton (ed.) Cornish Studies 19, pp. 225-234. Exeter: University of Exeter Press.